Kashmir Saraswati Temple
Kashmir Saraswati Temple - Sharada Peeth is situated in Kashmir LOC. The shrine was once regarded as a major centre of higher learning of Vedic works, scriptures and commentaries. It has a great history of over 5000 years of Indian heritage.
Kashmir Saraswati Temple is regarded as a Shakti Peetha where Sati Devi's right hand had fallen in this place.
Right now there are only ruins of the temple
Significance of Saraswati Temple:
Saraswati Temple is famously known as Sharada Peeth translates to "the seat of Sharada", the Kashmiri name for the Hindu goddess Saraswati. The earliest available references to Sharada Peeth are found in the Nilamata Purana (6th-8th century CE)
It is at this temple that Jagadguru Adi Sankaracharya received the right to sit on the Sarvanjnanapeetham (Throne of Wisdom). The first verse of 'Prapanchsara Sangraham' composed by Adi Shankaracharya is devoted to the praise of Sharada. The Sharada image at Shringeri Sharadamba temple in South India was once said to have been made of sandalwood, which is said to have been taken by Sankaracharya from here.
The Vaishnava saint Swami Ramanuja traveled all the way from Srirangam to refer to Bodhayana's vritti on Brahma Sutras preserved here, before commencing work on writing his commentary on the Brahma sutras, the Sri Bhasyam.
This legend is associated with the destruction of Daksha's sacrifice and the origin of the Shakti Peethas of India.
Sati, the consort of Shiva was the daughter of Daksha Prajaapati a descendant of Bhrama.. Sati had married Shiva against the wishes of her father. The vain Daksha performed a great yagna (with the sole aim of insulting Shiva), to which he invited all of the gods and goddesses except his son in law Shiva. Against Shiva's wishes, Sati attended this sacrifice and was insulted by her father. Unable to bear this insult, Sati immolated herself.
Enraged at the insult and the injury, Shiva through Veerabhadra, destroyed Daksha's sacrifice, cut off Daksha's head and replaced it with that of a goat, as he restored him to life. Still crazed with grief, he picked up the remains of Sati's body, and danced the dance of destruction throughout the Universe. The other gods intervened to stop this dance, and the disk of Vishnu cut through the corpse of Sati, whose various parts of the body fell at several spots all through the Indian subcontinent and formed the sites of what are known as Shakti Peethas today.
The place where the right hand of Sati is said to have fallen here.
18 Shakti Peetha Stotram:
लङ्कायां शाङ्करीदेवी कामाक्षी काञ्चिकापुरे ।
प्रद्युम्ने शृङ्खलादेवी चामुण्डी क्रौञ्चपट्टणे ॥ 1 ॥
Lankayam Shankari devi, Kamakshi Kanchika pure
Pradyumne Shrinkhala devi, Chamunda Krouncha pattane || 1 ||
अलम्पुरे जोगुलाम्बा श्रीशैले भ्रमराम्बिका ।
कोल्हापुरे महालक्ष्मी मुहुर्ये एकवीरा ॥ 2 ॥
Alampure Jogulamba, Sri shaile Bhramarambika
Kolha pure Maha lakshmi, Mahurye Ekaveerika || 2 ||
उज्जयिन्यां महाकाली पीठिकायां पुरुहूतिका ।
ओढ्यायां गिरिजादेवी माणिक्या दक्षवाटिके ॥ 3 ॥
Ujjainyam Maha kali, Peethikayam Puruhutika
Odhyane Girija devi, Manikya Daksha vatike || 3 ||
हरिक्षेत्रे कामरूपी प्रयागे माधवेश्वरी ।
ज्वालायां वैष्णवीदेवी गया माङ्गल्यगौरिका ॥ 4 ॥
Hari kshetre Kama rupi, Prayage Madhaveshwari
Jwalayam Vishnavi devi, Gaya Mangalya gourika || 4 ||
वारणाश्यां विशालाक्षी काश्मीरेतु सरस्वती ।
अष्टादश सुपीठानि योगिनामपि दुर्लभम् ॥ 5 ॥
Varanasyam Vishalakshi, Kashmire tu Saraswati
Ashtadasha Shakti peethani, Yoginamapi durlabham || 5 ||
सायङ्काले पठेन्नित्यं सर्वशत्रुविनाशनम् ।
सर्वरोगहरं दिव्यं सर्वसम्पत्करं शुभम् ॥ 6 ॥
Sayamkale pathennityam, Sarva shatri vinashanam
Sarva roga haram divyam, Sarva sampatkaram shubham || 6 ||
Part of the
|Place||Name of Shakti|
|1||Heart||Trimkomali (Srilanka)||Sankari Devi|
|2||Back part||Kanchi (Tamilnadu)||Kamakshi Devi|
|3||Stomach part||Praddyumnam (Gujarat)||Sri Shrunkala Devi|
|4||Hair||Mysore (Karnataka)||Chamundeswari Devi|
|5||Upper teeth rows||Alampur (Andhra Pradesh)||Jogulamba Devi|
|6||Neck part||Srisailam (Andhra Pradesh)||Bhramramba Devi|
|7||Eyes||Kolhapur (Maharastra)||Mahalakshmi Devi|
|8||Left hand||Nanded (Maharastra)||Ekavirika Devi|
|9||Tongue||Ujjain (Madya pradesh)||Mahakali Devi|
|10||Back||Pithapuram (Andhra Pradesh)||Puruhutika Devi|
|11||Navel||Cuttack (Orissa)||Girija Devi|
|12||Left cheek||Draksharamam (A.P)||Manikyamba devi|
|13||Reproductive organ - Yoni||Gauhathi (Assam)||Kamarupa Devi|
|14||Fingers (hand)||Prayaga (Uttar Pradesh)||Madhaveswari Devi|
|15||Head part||Jwala (Himaclapradesh)||Vaishnavi Devi|
|16||Breast part||Gaya (Bihar)||Sarvamangala Devi|
|17||Wrist||Varanasi (Uttar Pradesh)||Visalaksi Devi|
|18||Right Hand||Kashmir||Saraswathi Devi|