Sri Chamundeshwari Temple is about 13 kms from Mysuru, which is a prominent city in Karnataka State, is one of the most venerated Shakti shrines in India, and is regarded as one of the Shakti Peethams associated with the legend of Shiva and Daksha Yagna.
In ‘Skanda Purana’ and other ancient texts, it is mention a sacred place called ‘Trimuta Kshetra’ surrounded by eight hills. lying along side of west is the Chamundi Hills, it is one among the eight hills. In the earlier days, the hill was identified as ‘Mahabaladri’ in honour of God Shiva who resides in the ‘Mahabaleswara Temple’; this is the oldest temple on the hills.
Sri Chamundeswari is the tutelary deity of the Mysuru Maharajas and the presiding deity of Mysuru.
Significance of Sri Chamundeshwari:
‘Chamundi’ or ‘Durga’ is the fierce form of ‘Shakti’. She is the slayer of demons, ‘Chanda’ and ‘Munda’ and also ‘Mahishasura’. The name is a combination of Chanda and Munda, two monsters whom Chamunda killed.
In Hindu scripture Devi Mahatmya, Chamunda emerged as Chandika Jayasundarafrom an eyebrow of goddess Kaushiki, a goddess created from "sheath" of Durga and was assigned the task of eliminating the demons Chanda and Munda, generals of demon kings Shumbha-Nishumbha. She fought a fierce battle with the demons, ultimately killing them
This legend is associated with the destruction of Daksha's sacrifice and the origin of the Shakti Peethas of India.
Sati, the consort of Shiva was the daughter of Daksha Prajaapati a descendant of Bhrama.. Sati had married Shiva against the wishes of her father. The vain Daksha performed a great yagna (with the sole aim of insulting Shiva), to which he invited all of the gods and goddesses except his son in law Shiva. Against Shiva's wishes, Sati attended this sacrifice and was insulted by her father. Unable to bear this insult, Sati immolated herself.
Enraged at the insult and the injury, Shiva through Veerabhadra, destroyed Daksha's sacrifice, cut off Daksha's head and replaced it with that of a goat, as he restored him to life. Still crazed with grief, he picked up the remains of Sati's body, and danced the dance of destruction throughout the Universe. The other gods intervened to stop this dance, and the disk of Vishnu cut through the corpse of Sati, whose various parts of the body fell at several spots all through the Indian subcontinent and formed the sites of what are known as Shakti Peethas today.
It is said that the hair of Sati Devi fell in Kouncha Puri at present Mysroe. According to Puranas this place is known as Krouncha Pitham or Krouncha Puri.'
- Sri Chamundeswaritemple is famous for Aashada Shukravara. In the month of Ashadha, Fridays are considered particularly auspicious. Lakhs of devotees throng the temple during this occasion.
- Chamundi Jayanti. This day is celebrated on the anniversary of the consecration of the utsava murthy of the goddess by the Maharaja of Mysore. On this occasion, the goddess's icon is taken around the temple in a golden palanquin.
- The most important festival that is celebrated here is Navaratri. Mysore Dasara is celebrated as the state festival of Karnataka, called Nadahabba in Kannada. During Navaratri, the Goddess is decorated in 9 different ways to depict nine different aspects of the goddess. On the 7th day of Navaratri that is Kaalaratri, valuable jewels donated by Maharajas are brought from the District Treasury of Mysuru and decorated to Chamundi.
18 Shakti Peetha Stotram:
लङ्कायां शाङ्करीदेवी कामाक्षी काञ्चिकापुरे ।
प्रद्युम्ने शृङ्खलादेवी चामुण्डी क्रौञ्चपट्टणे ॥ 1 ॥
Lankayam Shankari devi, Kamakshi Kanchika pure
Pradyumne Shrinkhala devi, Chamunda Krouncha pattane || 1 ||
अलम्पुरे जोगुलाम्बा श्रीशैले भ्रमराम्बिका ।
कोल्हापुरे महालक्ष्मी मुहुर्ये एकवीरा ॥ 2 ॥
Alampure Jogulamba, Sri shaile Bhramarambika
Kolha pure Maha lakshmi, Mahurye Ekaveerika || 2 ||
उज्जयिन्यां महाकाली पीठिकायां पुरुहूतिका ।
ओढ्यायां गिरिजादेवी माणिक्या दक्षवाटिके ॥ 3 ॥
Ujjainyam Maha kali, Peethikayam Puruhutika
Odhyane Girija devi, Manikya Daksha vatike || 3 ||
हरिक्षेत्रे कामरूपी प्रयागे माधवेश्वरी ।
ज्वालायां वैष्णवीदेवी गया माङ्गल्यगौरिका ॥ 4 ॥
Hari kshetre Kama rupi, Prayage Madhaveshwari
Jwalayam Vishnavi devi, Gaya Mangalya gourika || 4 ||
वारणाश्यां विशालाक्षी काश्मीरेतु सरस्वती ।
अष्टादश सुपीठानि योगिनामपि दुर्लभम् ॥ 5 ॥
Varanasyam Vishalakshi, Kashmire tu Saraswati
Ashtadasha Shakti peethani, Yoginamapi durlabham || 5 ||
सायङ्काले पठेन्नित्यं सर्वशत्रुविनाशनम् ।
सर्वरोगहरं दिव्यं सर्वसम्पत्करं शुभम् ॥ 6 ॥
Sayamkale pathennityam, Sarva shatri vinashanam
Sarva roga haram divyam, Sarva sampatkaram shubham || 6 ||
Part of the
|Place||Name of Shakti|
|1||Heart||Trimkomali (Srilanka)||Sankari Devi|
|2||Back part||Kanchi (Tamilnadu)||Kamakshi Devi|
|3||Stomach part||Praddyumnam (Gujarat)||Sri Shrunkala Devi|
|4||Hair||Mysore (Karnataka)||Chamundeswari Devi|
|5||Upper teeth rows||Alampur (Andhra Pradesh)||Jogulamba Devi|
|6||Neck part||Srisailam (Andhra Pradesh)||Bhramramba Devi|
|7||Eyes||Kolhapur (Maharastra)||Mahalakshmi Devi|
|8||Left hand||Nanded (Maharastra)||Ekavirika Devi|
|9||Tongue||Ujjain (Madya pradesh)||Mahakali Devi|
|10||Back||Pithapuram (Andhra Pradesh)||Puruhutika Devi|
|11||Navel||Cuttack (Orissa)||Girija Devi|
|12||Left cheek||Draksharamam (A.P)||Manikyamba devi|
|13||Reproductive organ - Yoni||Gauhathi (Assam)||Kamarupa Devi|
|14||Fingers (hand)||Prayaga (Uttar Pradesh)||Madhaveswari Devi|
|15||Head part||Jwala (Himaclapradesh)||Vaishnavi Devi|
|16||Breast part||Gaya (Bihar)||Sarvamangala Devi|
|17||Wrist||Varanasi (Uttar Pradesh)||Visalaksi Devi|
|18||Right Hand||Kashmir||Saraswathi Devi|